HOW CULTURE AND ART INFLUENCE THE ECONOMY OF COUNTRIES: reflects Alexander Filonenko (Part III)
Each new cultural epoch is looking for its own metaphor, which most fully reflects its qualitative difference from previous eras. In our opinion, such a metaphor was discovered by Alexander Filonenko, Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory of Culture and Philosophy of Science, Faculty of Philosophy, Kharkiv National University. V.N. Karazin.
Today we are increasingly talking about the ecosystem approach, which corresponds to a new quality of sociality, and in many ways also generates it. The economy, society, organization – in full accordance with this world outlook shift – are presented as a skillfully and carefully cultivated Garden, and not a natural or human resource that is mercilessly exploited.
GARDEN AS A METAPHOR OF MODERN CULTURE
Each time finds its own metaphors for talking about culture and economics on the stage of the world. And if the economics is read not the same way as home economics, but as the practice of transition from egosystems to ecosystems, then culture pays attention not to the opposition of the natural to the artificial, but to the ancient intuition of cultivating the land or cultivating those seeds of the new and future, which are not created by us, but from skillful cultivation of which the state of all ecosystems depends on us. Therefore, the most modern metaphor of culture is gardening as a synthetic art of planting gardens among forests, deserts and ruins. The house and the city are erected not just on stone, but in the garden.
THE FIRST INTUITION OF CULTURE
The economy develops not just out of needs and exchanges, but in culture. Economic cultivation depends on the intuition of culture. If culture is a system of filters that protects against threats and challenges, then responsibility is protection.
If it is associated with the ability to hear in reality not only the threat, but also the call of the Other, then responsibility is the ability to respond productively. For the first intuition, our beginnings are short-term and tied to situations of risk, for the second one, culture unfolds in a time of hope as a time of long-term affairs that exceed the order of human life.
THE SECOND INTUITION OF CULTURE
The metaphor of the second intuition of culture is gardening, which, in the midst of a desert of projects, performances and installations, turns to the old and ever fresh, that is, anachronistic, art of gardening as the cultivation of a new sociality, economy and ecosystem.
This art unites all arts, sciences and crafts, and on the other hand, this synthetic impulse is filled with the highest humility before the shoots of the new, which can only be served, not counting, not ruling, but hoping.
Culture is not so much the second nature that protects us from war, but a garden, cultivating which we are located in search of our happiness in a newly acquired time of great duration and are filled with the breath of peace.